- Marinha de Comércio Sindicato de Engenheiros da Marinha Mercante http://www.semm.pt/index.php/sector-mar/marinha-de-comercio/109-historia 2018-12-14T18:58:43+00:00 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management História 2017-11-22T17:51:48+00:00 2017-11-22T17:51:48+00:00 http://www.semm.pt/index.php/historia Super User jmalaquias@netcabo.pt <div class="feed-description"><p align="center" style="margin-left:28.55pt;"> <img alt="" 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" /></p> <p align="center" style="margin-left:28.55pt;"> <strong>BREVE HISTÓRIA DOS&nbsp; </strong></p> <p align="center" style="margin-left:28.55pt;"> <strong>OFICIAIS DA MARINHA MERCANTE </strong></p> <p align="center" style="margin-left:2.65pt;"> &nbsp;</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Os Oficiais da Marinha Mercante têm o início da sua formação profissional em comum com os Oficiais da Marinha de Guerra a partir de 1779 na <strong>“ACADEMIA REAL DE MARINHA”</strong> que funcionou até 1837, dando esta Instituição lugar ao <strong>“COLÉGIO DOS NOBRES</strong>” e, posteriormente, à actual <strong>“FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS DA UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA”</strong>.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1782 foi criada a <strong>“ACADEMIA REAL DOS GUARDAS MARINHAS”</strong>, instituição que recebeu os alunos da Academia de Marinha.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1807, devido à invasão francesa, a Academia Real de Guardas Marinhas, retirou-se para o Brasil, instalando-se no Rio de Janeiro, onde funcionou de 1808 a 1822.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Após a independência do Brasil a Academia dividiu-se em duas Academias, uma brasileira e outra portuguesa, regressando esta a Lisboa aonde se iniciou o seu funcionamento em 1825.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1845, por Decreto Real de D. Maria II, a Academia dos Guardas Marinhas, passou a designar-se por <strong>ESCOLA NAVAL</strong>.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> E, 1903, foi criada a <strong>“ESCOLA AUXILIAR DE MARINHA”</strong> no âmbito da <strong>ESCOLA AUXILIAR DE MARINHA</strong> o plano de instrução naval que cria os cursos de pilotagem e máquinas, para a Marinha Mercante.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1924, pelo Decreto-Lei nº 10:084, criou por separação da Escola Naval a</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.9pt; text-align: justify;"> <strong>“ESCOLA NÁUTICA”</strong>.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> É também relevante, em termos estritamente profissionais, que os oficiais da Marinha Mercante da classe de máquinas sejam designados <strong>“OFICIAIS </strong></p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> <strong>MAQUINISTAS”</strong> e que por Despacho Normativo do Secretário de Estado da Marinha Mercante de 1976 passarem a ser <strong>“ENGENHEIROS MAQUINISTAS DA MARINHA MERCANTE”.</strong></p> </div> <div class="feed-description"><p align="center" style="margin-left:28.55pt;"> <img alt="" 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" /></p> <p align="center" style="margin-left:28.55pt;"> <strong>BREVE HISTÓRIA DOS&nbsp; </strong></p> <p align="center" style="margin-left:28.55pt;"> <strong>OFICIAIS DA MARINHA MERCANTE </strong></p> <p align="center" style="margin-left:2.65pt;"> &nbsp;</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Os Oficiais da Marinha Mercante têm o início da sua formação profissional em comum com os Oficiais da Marinha de Guerra a partir de 1779 na <strong>“ACADEMIA REAL DE MARINHA”</strong> que funcionou até 1837, dando esta Instituição lugar ao <strong>“COLÉGIO DOS NOBRES</strong>” e, posteriormente, à actual <strong>“FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS DA UNIVERSIDADE DE LISBOA”</strong>.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1782 foi criada a <strong>“ACADEMIA REAL DOS GUARDAS MARINHAS”</strong>, instituição que recebeu os alunos da Academia de Marinha.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1807, devido à invasão francesa, a Academia Real de Guardas Marinhas, retirou-se para o Brasil, instalando-se no Rio de Janeiro, onde funcionou de 1808 a 1822.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Após a independência do Brasil a Academia dividiu-se em duas Academias, uma brasileira e outra portuguesa, regressando esta a Lisboa aonde se iniciou o seu funcionamento em 1825.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1845, por Decreto Real de D. Maria II, a Academia dos Guardas Marinhas, passou a designar-se por <strong>ESCOLA NAVAL</strong>.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> E, 1903, foi criada a <strong>“ESCOLA AUXILIAR DE MARINHA”</strong> no âmbito da <strong>ESCOLA AUXILIAR DE MARINHA</strong> o plano de instrução naval que cria os cursos de pilotagem e máquinas, para a Marinha Mercante.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> Em 1924, pelo Decreto-Lei nº 10:084, criou por separação da Escola Naval a</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.9pt; text-align: justify;"> <strong>“ESCOLA NÁUTICA”</strong>.</p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> É também relevante, em termos estritamente profissionais, que os oficiais da Marinha Mercante da classe de máquinas sejam designados <strong>“OFICIAIS </strong></p> <p style="margin-left: 53.75pt; text-align: justify;"> <strong>MAQUINISTAS”</strong> e que por Despacho Normativo do Secretário de Estado da Marinha Mercante de 1976 passarem a ser <strong>“ENGENHEIROS MAQUINISTAS DA MARINHA MERCANTE”.</strong></p> </div>